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Experts launch Europe-wide drive to highlight dangers of alcohol

BMJ 2012; 344 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e3424 (Published 16 May 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;344:e3424

Re: Experts launch Europe-wide drive to highlight dangers of alcohol

There are two premonitory symptoms of addiction: tolerance and withdrawal. Tolerance means that, with time, you progressively crave more and more of the addictive substance. For example, if you have one glass of wine every day, soon you will want two glasses of wine every day. Withdrawal means that stopping the addictive substance will make you feel sick and crave the addictive substance. For example, if you stop drinking wine for a day or two, you will become anxious and irritable, and feel that you must have some wine. Both tolerance and withdrawal reflect your body’s addiction to addictive substances, and both often lead to the frustration, anger, and impaired judgment, which are characteristic of addiction.

Competing interests: No competing interests

18 May 2012
Hugh Mann
Physician
Retired
Eagle Rock, MO, USA