Intended for healthcare professionals

Filler When I use a word

Found in translation

BMJ 2011; 342 doi: (Published 03 May 2011) Cite this as: BMJ 2011;342:d2762
  1. Jeff Aronson, clinical pharmacologist, Oxford
  1. jeffrey.aronson{at}

Translational medicine is all the rage, although finding a satisfactory definition is hard.

The paradigm for regular verbs in Latin has four components: scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum—I write (present tense), to write (present infinitive), I have written (perfect tense), written (past participle). But the paradigm for the verb “to carry” is irregular: fero, ferre, tuli, latum. It comes from two different Indo-European roots—BHER (to carry; a fertile source of words) and TOL or (T)LA (to tolerate or support; like your atlas, supporting your skull). This explains the connection between words such as confer …

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