For healthcare professionals only



BMJ 2010; 340 doi: (Published 28 May 2010) Cite this as: BMJ 2010;340:c2838

Spanking 3 year old children leads to an increased risk of their behaving aggressively. Having controlled for their initial level of aggression and for a whole host of other potential confounders—such as maternal physical and psychological abuse, neglect, intimate partner aggression, stress, depression, and substance abuse—it is now clear that even a minor form of corporal punishment such as spanking is responsible for producing more aggression in children (Pediatrics 2010;125:e1057-65, doi:10.1542/peds.2009-2678).

An American multistate study involving 412 participants investigated the personalities of practising trauma surgeons in relation to job satisfaction. Satisfied surgeons were found to be more extraverted and emotionally stable, and more satisfied with their job. Attributes that were less correlated included agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness. The study concluded that less than half of trauma surgeons were satisfied with their current position, and that age, number of years practising, teaching hospital status, and hospital accreditation …

View Full Text

Log in

Log in through your institution


* For online subscription