Letters Heart failure

Assessing heart failure with normal ejection fraction

BMJ 2009; 338 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b960 (Published 09 March 2009) Cite this as: BMJ 2009;338:b960
  1. Chris Danbury, consultant intensivist1,
  2. Andrew Kitching, consultant anaesthetist1
  1. 1Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, Reading RG1 5AN
  1. c.danbury{at}reading.ac.uk

    Diagnosis of heart failure with a normal ejection fraction is difficult when using modalities that examine patients at rest.1

    The introduction of dynamic assessments such as cardiopulmonary exercise testing with an extrinsic load ramp protocol and …

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