Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Rules of conscience

Betray ethics, betray trust

BMJ 2009; 338 doi: (Published 01 June 2009) Cite this as: BMJ 2009;338:b2191
  1. Jennifer J Freyd, professor1
  1. 1University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-1227, USA
  1. jjf{at}

    The harm caused by the interrogation methods described by Pope and Gutheil goes far beyond the considerable damage, sometimes fatal, of methods commonly understood to be torture.1 When psychologists or doctors …

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