Fyodor Grigorievich UglovBMJ 2008; 337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a866 (Published 29 July 2008) Cite this as: BMJ 2008;337:a866
- Boleslav Lichterman
Fyodor Grigorievich Uglov is alleged to have been the oldest practising surgeon, having performed his last operation at the age of 99. He was a renowned cardiothoracic surgeon, an active member of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and a Lenin prize laureate—the highest recognition of scientific achievement in the former Soviet Union (USSR)—for developing surgical methods for treating lung disease and implementing them in clinical practice.
For more than 40 years, from 1950 to 1991, he held the chair of hospital surgery at the First Leningrad Medical Institute (now the I P Pavlov St Petersburg State Medical University). And for more than 50 years, from 1953 to 2005, he was editor in chief of Vestnik khirurgii im I I Grekova (“I I Grekov Herald of Surgery”), a leading Russian surgical journal. During the last decades of his long life he became a prolific writer and a member of the Soyuz pisatelei SSSR (the Union of Soviet Writers, now the Union of Russian Writers), whose books have a circulation of around 6 million and are translated into 16 languages.
In his writings Uglov condemned drinking even small amounts of alcohol, smoking, abortions, rock and roll music, market reforms, and advertising, and suggested that the media should be returned to state control. He was chairman of Soyuz borby za narodnuyu trezvost (Union of Struggle for People’s Sobriety) until his death. Sobriety centres, clubs, and alcohol-free places were established throughout Russia under Uglov’s initiative.
Fyodor Uglov was born in 1904 in Chuguevo, a village in the …