HIV programmes reduce deaths and new infections, UNAIDS report shows

BMJ 2008; 337 doi: (Published 01 August 2008) Cite this as: BMJ 2008;337:a1099
  1. Bob Roehr
  1. 1Washington, DC

    Substantial increases in global efforts to prevent and treat HIV are achieving measurable effects in terms of reductions in deaths and new infections, says a report from UNAIDS.

    The past two years have seen “a tripling of HIV prevention efforts in some countries for populations most at risk,” said Paul De Lay, director of monitoring and evaluation at UNAIDS. Prevention education has been integrated into 90% of primary school education in sub-Saharan Africa, compared with 65% worldwide, the report states.

    “Young people are waiting longer to become sexually active,” Dr De Lay said. For example, in Cameroon the percentage of young people having sex before the age of 15 has fallen from 35% in 2005 to 14% in 2007. The use of antiretroviral drugs at the time of birth to prevent mother to child transmission of the virus has risen from 14% to 33% worldwide in the past two years.

    As a result of these changes, the number of new infections in people under the …

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