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Views & Reviews Medical Classics

The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine

BMJ 2008; 336 doi: (Published 03 April 2008) Cite this as: BMJ 2008;336:777
  1. James Curran, GP locum, Glasgow
  1. jdcur{at}

The Huangdi Neijing (given the title The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Medicine in one of the latest translations) is an ancient treatise on health and disease said to have been written by the famous Chinese emperor Huangdi around 2600 BC. However, Huangdi is a semi-mythical figure, and the book probably dates from later, around 300 BC and may be a compilation of the writings of several authors. Whatever its origin, the book has proved influential as a reference work for practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine well into the modern era. The …

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