Views & Reviews Medical Classics

Ice Anatomy

BMJ 2008; 336 doi: (Published 27 March 2008) Cite this as: BMJ 2008;336:725
  1. Boleslav Lichterman, senior researcher, Institute for the History of Medicine, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia

    Nikolai Pirogov (1810-1881) is considered to be the greatest Russian surgeon. He introduced the teaching of applied topographical anatomy in Russia, founded military surgery, implemented ether anaesthesia on the battlefield, suggested the use of plaster casts for fractures, and championed nursing care for the wounded during the Crimean War.

    Born in Moscow, Pirogov graduated in medicine at the age of 18 and then spent two years in surgical clinics of continental Europe. In 1841 he was elected a professor of Imperial Medico-Surgical Academy in St Petersburg, where he stayed until his retirement in 1856.

    An Illustrated Topographic Anatomy of Saw Cuts Made in Three Dimensions across the Frozen Human …

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