Is there enough evidence to judge midwife led units safe? YesBMJ 2007; 335 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39343.471227.AD (Published 27 September 2007) Cite this as: BMJ 2007;335:642
- Lesley Page, visiting professor in midwifery
- Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London SE1 9NH
The view that birth outside hospital is less safe than hospital birth prevails despite evidence to the contrary. Discussion about maternity services often becomes polarised around the comparative safety of different places of birth, and argument over a single measure of safety, perinatal mortality. The dominance of the medical view of birth has led to an exponential rise in medical and surgical interventions in childbirth in most of the economically developed world and parts of the developing world. The risk of unnecessary intervention, for mother, baby, and future generations is ignored.
One consequence is the steady and continuing rise in the rate of caesarean sections.1 In the developed world (including Europe, North America, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand) the proportion of caesarean births is 21.1% (range 6.2% to 36%).2 Yet, as Bertran and colleagues concluded: “higher caesarean section rates do not …