BMJ 2007; 334 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39135.684815.DE1 (Published 01 March 2007) Cite this as: BMJ 2007;334:482

Intensive smoking cessation programmes that are administered free to patients over three months are cost effective in high risk smokers with heart disease. Compared with those receiving “usual” care of counselling and printed material given out before discharge from hospital, those who received the intensive intervention had significantly higher continuous abstinence rates at each follow-up interval. At two years, 33% had managed to kick the habit and stay clean, compared with just 9% in the usual care group. The absolute risk reduction in mortality was 9.2% with a number needed to treat of 11 (Chest 2007;131:446-52 doi: 10.1378/chest.06-1587).

Recent studies indicate that the risk of stillbirth increases after a caesarean section. In an attempt to shed more light on these findings, a retrospective cohort study was conducted in an English …

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