Intended for healthcare professionals


Female genital mutilation: whose problem, whose solution?: Psychological damage is immense

BMJ 2006; 333 doi: (Published 27 July 2006) Cite this as: BMJ 2006;333:260
  1. Janet Menage (, general practitioner
  1. Bulkington Surgery, Bulkington, Bedworth, Warwickshire CV23 9HF

    EDITOR—Conroy's concerns about cosmetic surgery in the West are understandable, but he seems to have missed the fundamental differences between it and the genital mutilation of children.1 When a child is mutilated by adults the procedure constitutes a sexual assault in that the child does not understand what is happening, has no control over it, and does not consent to it. On the other hand, if adults …

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