Intended for healthcare professionals


Gloomy prognoses: Be neither optimistic nor pessimistic, but realistic

BMJ 2006; 333 doi: (Published 29 June 2006) Cite this as: BMJ 2006;333:46
  1. Stephen R Workman (, assistant professor
  1. Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H2Y9, Canada

    EDITOR—Neither undue optimism nor pessimism should dominate discussions with seriously ill patients and their family members.1 Instead doctors should gravitate towards enlightened realism. …

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