Intended for healthcare professionals


Climate change

BMJ 2006; 332 doi: (Published 22 June 2006) Cite this as: BMJ 2006;332:1509

Contraction and convergence: myth and reality

  1. Peter F Smith, special professor in sustainable energy (
  1. University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD

    EDITOR—The review of climate change issues in the BMJ of 10 June was comprehensive. On grounds of morality, the principle of contraction and convergence is unassailable.1 In the real world, it is a pipe dream. It would work only by being enforcible, which implies an international policing authority with real teeth. Can we seriously believe that the United States, China, or Russia would submit to such an …

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