How Islam changed medicine: Ibn Sina (Avicenna) saw medicine and surgery as one

BMJ 2006; 332 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.332.7533.120-b (Published 12 January 2006) Cite this as: BMJ 2006;332:120
  1. John Urquhart, professor of biopharmaceutical sciences, University of California at San Francisco (urquhart@ix.netcom.com)
  1. Palo Alto, CA 94301 USA

    Editor—In the second Al Hammadi lecture at the St Andrew's Day symposium on therapeutics at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 2002, I contrasted Ibn Sina's Canon of Medicine, …

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