Intended for healthcare professionals

On The Case

Harry Potter casts a spell on accident prone children

BMJ 2005; 331 doi: (Published 22 December 2005) Cite this as: BMJ 2005;331:1505
  1. Stephen Gwilym, specialist registrar (s_gwilym{at},
  2. Dominic P J Howard, senior house officer1,
  3. Nev Davies, specialist registrar1,
  4. Keith Willett, consultant1
  1. 1Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU
  1. Correspondence to: S Gwilym
  • Accepted 22 November 2005

In the infancy of this millennium two things are certain: children injure themselves on the latest “craze” and children will (probably) read the Harry Potter books. Previous reports have highlighted the impact of emerging crazes such as inline skating and microscooters, with attention being drawn to potential accident prevention and emerging patterns of injury.

One modern craze is the Harry Potter series of books and films. In the United Kingdom sales ofthe latest Harry Potter book, The Half-Blood Prince, are estimated to reach fourmillion, with around three million volumes being sold in the first week.

Given the lack of horizontal velocity, height, wheels, or sharp edges associated with this particular craze we were interested to investigate the impact the Harry Potter books had on children's traumatic injuries during the peak of their use.

Methods and results

We undertook a retrospective review of all children aged 7-15 who attended our emergency department with musculoskeletal injuries over the summer months of a three year period. Weekend admissions were counted as those occurring between 8 am on Saturday and 8 am on Monday. The age range was based on that of reading competence on the advice of an educationalist.

The launch dates of the two most recent Harry Potter books—The Order of the Phoenix1 and The Half-Blood Prince2—were Saturday 21 June 2003 and Saturday 16 July 2005. We compared the numbers of admissions for these weekends with those for surrounding summer weekends and those dates in previous years.

We obtained data from the MetOffice3 ( toestablish weather conditions recorded for each of the identified weekends at the closest weather station (Brize Norton) to our hospital. This allowed us to adjust for weather as a confounding variable if necessary.

The figure shows the weekend attendance to our emergency department in June and July between 2003 and 2005. The mean attendance rate for children aged 7-15 years during the control weekends was 67.4 (SD 10.4). For the two intervention weekends the attendance rates were 36 and 37 (mean 36.5, SD 0.7). This represents a significant decrease in attendances on the intervention weekends, as both are greater than two SD from the mean control attendance rate and an unpaired t test gives a t value of 14.2 (P < 0.0001). At no other point during the three year surveillance period was attendance that low. MetOffice data suggested no confounding effect of weather conditions.


Children attending emergency department with musculoskeletal injuries on summer weekends 2003-5

Embedded Image

Credit: SIPA/REX

What is already known on this topic

Traumatic childhood injuries are a serious source of mortality and morbidity

There is a seasonal variation in the incidence of injuries in muggle children, with the highest numbers occurring during periods of longest daylight, warm weather, and school holidays

What this study adds

Releasing Harry Potter books seems to reduce the incidence of traumatic injuries in children


Harry Potter books seem to protect children from traumatic injuries. Fashionable or “craze” activities have previously undoubtedly contributed to the two million children who attend emergency departments with traumatic injuries each year. Organisations such as the Child Accident Prevention trust ( and Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents ( have yet to recognise the potential benefit of this new pursuit.

To date no research has addressed the option of “distraction therapy” to prevent traumatic injuries. Alternative strategies such as “restraint therapy” and “pharmacological modification'” have been considered and abandoned on ethical grounds. Distraction therapy has been used successfully in settings such as painful clinical procedures with good effect.

We observed a significant fall in the numbers of attendees to the emergency department on the weekends that of the two most recent Harry Potter books were released. Both these weekends were in mid-summer with good weather. It may therefore be hypothesised that there is a place for a committee of safety conscious, talented writers who could produce high quality books for the purpose of injury prevention.

Potential problems with this project would include an unpredictable increase in childhood obesity, rickets, and loss of cardiovascular fitness.


  • Contributors KW conjured up the original idea for the work having experienced a quiet on-call weekend, then witnessing three of his children “petrified” on the sofa. DPJH and ND are wizards with numbers. SG wrote the paper and performed a spell check. DPJH is guarantor.

  • Funding None.

  • Competing interests KW has five children and has spent many summer days in the emergency department. SG, DPJH, andND have no children but each have a pet owl.

  • Ethical approval Not required.


View Abstract