Intended for healthcare professionals


Africa's medical brain drain

BMJ 2005; 331 doi: (Published 29 September 2005) Cite this as: BMJ 2005;331:780

Brain gain and brain circulation result when drain is reversed

  1. Joseph N Ana, mentor (jneana{at}
  1. BMJ West Africa, 20 Eta Agbor Road, Calabar, Nigeria

    EDITOR—As Africa begins to unshackle itself from the ravages of decades of dictatorship governments, efforts must be made to tap the massive potentials in Africans abroad either by way of a full return to home or structured, periodic visits (brain circulation).

    With democratisation and good governance in Africa, Africans will revert to what happened before the 1980s, when they emigrated only for knowledge and skills and promptly returned to their home country, better equipped and knowledgeable to serve mother Africa (brain gain).


    • JA, Commissioner for Health Ministry of Health Cross River State of Nigeria, specialised and practised medicine and surgery in the UK for 22 years before returning to Nigeria in 2004 to serve.

    • Competing interests None declared.

    View Abstract