Intended for healthcare professionals

Student Reviews

Eyespy: June 2005

BMJ 2005; 330 doi: (Published 01 June 2005) Cite this as: BMJ 2005;330:0506264

Eyespy was relieved to hear that she wouldn't have far to go for the West's first international toilet summit, to be held in September in Belfast. The summit aims to attract delegates from various key sectors, including public, health, and educational authorities; hospitality and tourism organisations; user groups; and toilet providers. The summit will cover a wide range of topics related to toilets. It will also offer the opportunity for participants to network with others who are dedicated to improving standards (

Passengers and workers on London's underground system will be pleased to know that the air quality is better on the tube than on London's streets. Researchers measured particle concentrations in tube stations and in drivers' cabs and calculated likely exposure. They found that although the system is polluted and dusty, the air is low in ultrafine particulates. Underground, pollutants tend to be heavier and iron rather than carbon based. Concentrations of other toxic materials were within safety guidelines. Commuters using the tube for two hours a day would boost their particulate concentrations by just 17mg/m3 in 24 hours. The authors conclude that risks of serious heart or lung disease …

View Full Text

Log in

Log in through your institution


* For online subscription