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Gastric cancer or Arsenic exposure?
Did Napoleon undergo treatment for his Gastric cancer with Arsenic
trioxide As(2)O(3) which has some promising prospect in the treatment of
Could it be the residual Arsenic compound that was spotted in his
Some beleive that the immediate cause of the Emperor's death was
torsades de pointes, brought on by chronic exposure to arsenic and a
1.Induction of apoptosis by arsenic trioxide and hydroxy camptothecin
in gastriccancer cells in vitro.Armijo R, Gonzales A, Orlellana M et al.
Epidemiology of gastric cancer in Chile: II - nitrate exposures and
stomach cancer frequency. Intl J Epidemiology 1981, 10, 57
2.Channelling the Emperor: what really killed Napoleon? Mari F,
Bertol E, Fineschi V, Karch SB.J R Soc Med. 2004 Aug;97(8):397-9.
No competing interests
08 May 2005
Pradeep G Paul
Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai - 600006.