Intended for healthcare professionals

Fillers When I use a word

Medical emoticons

BMJ 2005; 330 doi: (Published 06 January 2005) Cite this as: BMJ 2005;330:87
  1. Jeff Aronson, clinical pharmacologist
  1. Oxford

On 19 September 1982 a computer scientist at the Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Scott E Fahlman, sent an email message to his colleagues, who had been discussing how to mark jokes in an email text:

“I propose the following character sequence for joke markers::-) Read …

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