Intended for healthcare professionals


Placebos in medicine

BMJ 2004; 330 doi: (Published 30 December 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;330:45

Placebo use is well known, placebo effect is not

  1. Toke S Barfod, clinical researcher (
  1. Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

EDITOR—In their paper on the use of placebos in clinical practice, Nitzan and Lichtenberg say that they were unable to find more than one other study on the use of placebos in a clinical context.1 2 Eight similar studies are indexed in PubMed (see

In the accompanying editorial, Spiegel points out that the Cochrane …

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