Intended for healthcare professionals

Education And Debate

The pros and cons of essential medicines for rich countries

BMJ 2004; 329 doi: (Published 11 November 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;329:1172
  1. Marcus M Reidenberg (, professor1,
  2. Tom Walley, professor of clinical pharmacology2
  1. 1 Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
  2. 2 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GF
  1. Correspondence to: M M Reidenberg

    Rising costs of drugs is universal. From 1998 to 2001, prescription costs in the United States and England increased by 62% and 30%, respectively. Could the essential drugs concept help rich countries to control the rise in drug costs? Hogerzeil1 cites Australia as an example, although experience there is hardly encouraging: spending on medicines rose by 69% between 1998 and 2002,2 and the political difficulties of the process have been widely reported.3 But containing costs is not the only aim of the essential drugs concept, which primarily aims to increase access and efficiency and to promote better health and equity. These are also aims in rich countries, which already apply many of the principles of …

    View Full Text

    Log in

    Log in through your institution


    * For online subscription