Mass dose of antibiotic reduced prevalence of trachoma for two yearsBMJ 2004; 329 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.329.7474.1065 (Published 04 November 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;329:1065
- Scott Gottlieb
- New York
The prevalence and intensity of trachoma infection, a leading cause of blindness in the developing world in the developing world, fell considerably and remained low for two years after mass treatment of a population in Tanzania with a single round of azithromycin, followed by periodic use of tetracycline eye ointment for those with persistent disease.
Trachoma infection is a chronic keratoconjunctivitis caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis. When the active infection resolves, there is often scarring of the conjunctivae. Over many years, contraction of upper-lid scars that result from this …