Alexander Grando

BMJ 2004; 329 doi: (Published 02 September 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;329:575

Ukrainian physician who founded and directed an internationally renowned museum of medical history

Professor Alexander Abramovich Grando was a social hygienist and medical historian, honorary president of the Ukrainian Society for Medical History, and internationally known as the founder of the Central (now the National) Museum of Medicine of Ukraine, which he directed until his death.

Grando created the museum, one of the best and largest medical museums in Europe, in 1973, but it was not officially opened until 1982. Located in a former anatomical theatre built in 1853 by the Ukrainian architect Alexander Beretti, the museum shows the development of medicine in Ukraine right up to the present day, bringing together scientific materials and documents, fine arts relating to medicine, and a series of audiovisual displays and staged historical tableaux. Such museums had a particularly important role in the medical establishment of what was formerly the Soviet Union—history of medicine was introduced as an obligatory subject at Soviet medical schools in the late 1940s and, with few exceptions, was (and …

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