Anthony Francis Rickards

BMJ 2004; 329 doi: (Published 22 July 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;329:234

Cardiologist who devised the first pacemaker that allowed near-normal exercise capacity

Tony Rickards was one of the most productive innovators in the international world of cardiology. In the 1980s he devised and implanted the first pacemakers that were physiologically adaptable and allowed near-normal exercise capacity. For the previous 30 years, pacemakers had demanded that their wearers live a sedentary life; this, along with underfunding and conservatism, contributed to their under-use in the United Kingdom. Around 50% of all world pacemakers now use technology that is derived from the technology that Tony Rickards invented. This represents significantly improved treatment for about 100 …

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