Intended for healthcare professionals


E is for equivocal in EBM

BMJ 2004; 328 doi: (Published 29 April 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;328:1077
  1. Matthew R Kiln, principal in general practice (
  1. Rosendale Surgery, London SE21 8EZ

    EDITOR—Straus asks what's the E for EBM (evidence based medicine).1 E is for equivocal because that's the best assessment of most published, controlled, double blind research studies (no matter the medical journal).

    The evidence for EBM is inherently unreliable for four reasons.

    Firstly, a large volume of research funded by drug companies is not allowed by …

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