Intended for healthcare professionals


Labouring in water:Authors' reply

BMJ 2004; 328 doi: (Published 25 March 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;328:768
  1. Elizabeth R Cluett, lecturer in midwifery (,
  2. Kathryn Getliffe, professor of nursing,
  3. Ruth M Pickering, senior lecturer in medical statistics,
  4. Nigel James St George Saunders, medical director
  1. Nightingale Building (67), University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ
  2. Medical Statistics Group, Health Care Research Unit (805), Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD
  3. Trust Management Office (Mail point 18), Southampton General Hospital

    EDITOR—We defined active labour as regular painful contractions associated with full cervical effacement and a dilation of at least 3 cm. This excluded women in latent phase, who are more appropriately managed conservatively. We agree that inclusion of a conservative arm to the trial would have been desirable and …

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