Americans are told to reduce sodium and increase potassium intakeBMJ 2004; 328 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.328.7438.485-b (Published 27 February 2004) Cite this as: BMJ 2004;328:485
- Janice Hopkins Tanne
- New York
Almost all Americans and Canadians consume too much salt and not enough potassium, increasing their risk of high blood pressure, stroke, coronary artery disease, and kidney disease, a report from the US Institute of Medicine says. The report was based on a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and was sponsored by a number of US and Canadian governmental organisations and foundations.
The report says unequivocally that blood pressure rises progressively as sodium intake increases. About 25% of Americans have high blood pressure, and more than half of people aged over 60 do.
Healthy adults aged between 19 and 50 years should consume 1.5 g of sodium (equivalent to 3.8 g of salt) a day to replace losses through perspiration but should not exceed 2.3 g (5.8 g of …