Journal rackBMJ 2003; 327 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjusa.02060003 (Published 19 November 2003) Cite this as: BMJ 2003;327:E119
This article originally appeared in BMJ USA
This section calls attention to new studies and systematic reviews, selected by the Editor from journals published just as this issue went into production (approximately 2 months before publication). The Journals hand-searched for the Journal Rack are: American Journal of Medicine, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, Circulation, JAMA, Journal of Family Practice, Journal of General Internal Medicine, Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, JNCI, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine, and Pediatrics. Studies are noted that might directly influence clinical practice decisions in primary care and have been classified by type of problem addressed.
Cardiovascular—Sixteen-year follow-up data from the Nurses' Health Study affirm an association between high consumption of fish and omega-3 fatty acids and reduced risk of coronary heart disease (Hu et al. JAMA 2002 April 10;287:1815–1821).
Cardiovascular—A New Zealand randomized trial involving 223 postmenopausal women found that calcium supplementation was associated with an increased HDL concentration (mean 0.09 mmol/L) (Reid et al. Am J Med 2002 April 1;112:343–347).
Cardiovascular—A meta-analysis of 54 randomized trials concluded that aerobic exercise reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mean of 3.8 mm Hg and 2.6 mm Hg, respectively) in both hypertensive and normotensive persons, and that aerobic activity should be a routine component of prevention and treatment plans for hypertension (Whelton et al. Ann Intern Med 2002 April 2;136:493–503).