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Letters Immunonutrition

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BMJ 2003; 327 doi: (Published 18 September 2003) Cite this as: BMJ 2003;327:683
  1. Philip C Calder, professor of nutritional immunology (
  1. Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 7PX

    EDITOR—In my editorial I said that the benefits of immunonutrition identified in meta-analyses are more pronounced in surgical than critically ill patients and that doubts remain about the efficacy of this approach in critically ill patients. I concluded that use of immunonutrition should be approached cautiously in most critically ill patients.

    In addition, I highlighted that one trial …

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