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Advances in virtual reality are wide ranging

BMJ 2002; 324 doi: (Published 09 March 2002) Cite this as: BMJ 2002;324:612
  1. Francesco Rubino, clinical fellow, advanced laparoscopic surgery,
  2. Luc Soler, director of “virtual surg” team,
  3. Jacques Marescaux (, president,
  4. Herve Maisonneuve, chief medical officer, Websurg
  1. IRCAD-European Institute of Telesurgery, 67091 Strasbourg, France
  2. 67091 Strasbourg, France

    EDITOR—McCloy and Stone have reviewed virtual reality in surgery.1 Providing an updated and clear picture of a field that changes and advances continuously is hard, and we would like to point out some other things that virtual reality offers to surgery. Applications are likely to determine advances not only in surgical training but also in operative planning, operative strategy, and techniques, as well as in telesurgery.

    Fig 1.

    Automated 3D liver reconstruction

    Systems that allow the assessment of psychomotor skills hold great interest for surgical training. We believe, though, that training …

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