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Socioeconomic differences in Swedish children and adolescents injured in road traffic incidents: cross sectional study

BMJ 2002; 324 doi: (Published 16 February 2002) Cite this as: BMJ 2002;324:396
  1. Lucie Laflamme (, associate professor,
  2. Karin Engström, research fellow
  1. Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
  1. Correspondence to: L Laflamme
  • Accepted 20 July 2001

Traffic related injuries are among the most common causes of death in childhood and in youth.1 Young people belonging to a low social class and living in deprived socioeconomic areas are consistently at greater risk than others. 2 3 The extent to which socioeconomic differences in risks from traffic injury vary during childhood and adolescence deserves consideration. 4 5 We examined socioeconomic patterning in Swedish children and adolescents injured in road traffic incidents, considering four categories of road users.

Methods and results

We created a dataset of about 2.2 million children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years) living in Sweden at some time during 1990-4 by linking records from 13 Swedish national registers. We established their sex and year of birth by linking the Swedish population register to the national censuses of 1985 or 1990 or to the medical register …

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