A survey of validity and utility of electronic patient records in a general practiceBMJ 2001; 322 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.322.7299.1401 (Published 09 June 2001) Cite this as: BMJ 2001;322:1401
- Alan Hassey (), general practitionera,
- David Gerrett, senior research fellowb,
- Ali Wilson, senior associate lecturerc
- a Fisher Medical Centre, Millfields, Skipton BD23 1EU
- b School of Health and Community Studies, University of Derby, Kingsway, Derby DE22 3HL
- c Research School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9LN
- Correspondence to: A Hassey
- Accepted 23 March 2001
Objective: To develop methods of measuring the validity and utility of electronic patient records in general practice.
Design: A survey of the main functional areas of a practice and use of independent criteria to measure the validity of the practice database.
Setting: A fully computerised general practice in Skipton, north Yorkshire.
Subjects: The records of all registered practice patients.
Main outcome measures: Validity of the main functional areas of the practice clinical system. Measures of the completeness, accuracy, validity, and utility of the morbidity data for 15 clinical diagnoses using recognised diagnostic standards to confirm diagnoses and identify further cases. Development of a method and statistical toolkit to validate clinical databases in general practice.
Results: The practice electronic patient records were valid, complete, and accurate for prescribed items (99.7%), consultations (98.1%), laboratory tests (100%), hospital episodes (100%), and childhood immunisations (97%). The morbidity data for 15 clinical diagnoses were complete (mean sensitivity=87%) and accurate (mean positive predictive value=96%). The presence of the Read codes for the 15 diagnoses was strongly indicative of the true presence of those conditions (mean likelihood ratio=3917). New interpretations of descriptive statistics are described that can be used to estimate both the number of true cases that are unrecorded and quantify the benefits of validating a clinical database for coded entries.
Conclusion: This study has developed a method and toolkit for measuring the validity and utility of general practice electronic patient records.
What is already known on this topic
What is already known on this topic Delivering the performance management agenda in the NHS will depend on the availability of high quality information in general practice
Record entries in GP systems generally consist of a mixture of text and Read coded entries
Sensitivity and positive predictive value have been used to measure the completeness and accuracy of data recording in electronic patient record systems
What this study adds
What this study adds This study has developed a standard method and toolkit for measuring the validity and utility of electronic patient record systems
The principal innovation in this study is to consider the Read codes in the records as tests for the true presence of the associated diagnoses
This study has developed a new approach to the validation of electronic patient record systems.
Funding The Fisher Medical Centre is a research practice funded by Northern and Yorkshire Region of the NHS Executive.
Competing interests None declared.
Further details of the 15 clinical diagnoses used to validate electronic patient records appear on the BMJ's website