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Immediate and long term effects of weight reduction in obese people with asthma: randomised controlled study

BMJ 2000; 320 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.320.7238.827 (Published 25 March 2000) Cite this as: BMJ 2000;320:827

This article has a correction. Please see:

  1. Brita Stenius-Aarniala, professor of pulmonary medicinea (bstenius{at}cc.helsinki.fi),
  2. Tuija Poussa, statistics consultantb,
  3. Johanna Kvarnström, medical studenta,
  4. Eeva-Liisa Grönlund, consultant in pulmonary medicinec,
  5. Mikko Ylikahri, licentiate in medicinea,
  6. Pertti Mustajoki, consultant in pulmonary medicinec
  1. a Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Allergology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FIN-00029 HYKS, Helsinki, Finland
  2. b STAT-Consulting, Takojankatu 15 B, FIN-33540 Tampere, Finland
  3. c Peijas Hospital, Sairaalakatu 1, FIN-01400 Vantaa, Finland
  1. Correspondence to: B Stenius-Aarniala, Department of Medicine, PL 340 Helsinki, University Central Hospital, FIN-00029 HYKS, Finland
  • Accepted 11 January 2000

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the influence of weight reduction on obese patients with asthma.

Design: Open study, two randomised parallel groups.

Setting: Private outpatients centre, Helsinki, Finland.

Participants: Two groups of 19 obese patients with asthma (body mass index (kg/m2) 30 to 42) recruited through newspaper advertisements.

Intervention: Supervised weight reduction programme including 8 week very low energy diet.

Main outcome measures: Body weight, morning peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1); and also asthma symptoms, number of acute episodes, courses of oral steroids, health status (quality of life).

Results: At the end of the weight reducing programme, the participants in the treatment group had lost a mean of 14.5% of their pretreatment weight, the controls 0.3%. The corresponding figures after one year were 11.3% and a weight gain of 2.2%. After the 8 week dieting period the difference in changes in percentage of predicted FEV1 from baseline in the treatment and control groups was 7.2% (95% confidence interval 1.9% to 12.5%, P=0.009). The corresponding difference in the changes in FVC was 8.6% (4.8% to 12.5%, P<0.0001). After one year the differences in the changes in the two groups were still significant: 7.6% for FEV1 (1.5% to 13.8%, P=0.02) and 7.6% for FVC (3.5% to 11.8%, P=0.001). By the end of the weight reduction programme, reduction in dyspnoea was 13 mm (on a visual analogue scale 0 mm to 100 mm) in the treatment group and 1 mm in the control group (P=0.02). The reduction of rescue medication was 1.2 and 0.1 doses respectively (P=0.03). After one year the differences in the changes between the two groups were −12 for symptom scores (range −1 to −22, P=0.04) and −10 for total scores (−18 to −1, P=0.02). The median number of exacerbations in the treatment group was 1 (0–4) and in the controls 4 (0–7), P=0.001.

Conclusion: Weight reduction in obese patients with asthma improves lung function, symptoms, morbidity, and health status.

Footnotes

  • Funding The Finnish Culture Foundation, the Association of the Pulmonary Disabled, and the Wilhelm and Else Stockmann Foundation. Nycomed Pharma supplied the dietary preparation (Nutrilett) free of charge.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • website extra A chart showing the flow of participants and a table showing baseline characteristics are available on the BMJ's website www.bmj.com

  • Accepted 11 January 2000
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