Postnatal dexamethasone in preterm infantsBMJ 1999; 319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7222.1385 (Published 27 November 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;319:1385
Is potentially lifesaving, but follow up studies are urgently needed
- William Tarnow-Mordi, reader in neonatal medicine and perinatal epidemiology (firstname.lastname@example.org),
- Andy Mitra, specialist registrar in paediatrics
- Tayside Institute of Child Health, University of Dundee, DD1 9SY
Clinical research must determine whether treatments enhance lives, make little difference, cause significant harm, or do several of these things. This is well illustrated by the epidemic of blindness due to retrolental fibroplasia that affected thousands of preterm babies in the 1950s.1 Although oxygen was accepted as lifesaving in severe respiratory distress syndrome, randomised controlled trials showed that its unrestricted use could also cause permanent visual impairment. The risk is minimised with modern oxygen therapy, which is strictly controlled. The lesson is that new treatments need to be tested with randomised trials that are large enough and with follow ups long enough to provide robust data on all clinically important endpoints 12 Dexamethasone for chronic lung disease in preterm infants may be a similar case where we need better data from larger trials with longer follow up.