The joy of being electronicBMJ 1999; 319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7208.465 (Published 21 August 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;319:465
The BMJ's website is mushrooming
Websites are like gardens. Turn your back on them for a few weeks and they're overrun with weeds in the form of out of date coming events and hypertext links leading nowhere. But, like gardens, websites offer amazing opportunities to experiment Plant something that doesn't take or produce the effect you wanted and you can take it out and try something else. And, like a garden, the internet is very forgiving—no hard copy archive survives to mock your false starts and wrong turns.
The launch of the BMJ's full text website in April 1998 coincided with a frenzy of new planting, much of which is coming to fruition this (northern) summer. Most work has been devoted to our collected resources—210 virtual pages each devoted to a single topic These rely on the coding of each journal article with one or more clinical and non-clinical topic codes (for example, the first paper this week has been coded: liver, perinatal, pancreas and biliary tract, and chemical pathology). Not only can website visitors review the archive of all papers published by the BMJ on a particular topic; they can also read relevant papers in the eight online specialist journals published by the BMJ Publishing Group (see box) Each topic page links to relevant Cochrane abstracts, job advertisements on our classified site, and the virtual bookshelf for that specialty within our electronic bookshop—from which books can be bought on line. Over the next few months, we will be adding more resources, beginning with the eBNF (the electronic version of the British National Formulary). We also plan to appoint green fingered editors for each collection and let them see what they can grow.
BMJ Publishing Group specialist journals available in full text on line
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases www.annrheumdis.com
Archives of Disease in Childhood www.archdischild.com
British Journal of Ophthalmology www.bjophthalmol.com
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry www.jnnp.com
Tobacco Control www.tobaccocontrol.com
We have several email alerting services, which, like the website content, are free to all. The fastest growing are our customised @lerts, which allow users to select the topics on which they want to be kept informed. Instead of being emailed the entire table of contents for the journal each week, they are alerted only when articles are published that match their interest. This time saving service has attracted 20 000 subscribers in its first 16 months.
Over this time, our “rapid response” feature has revolutionised the way we handle letters to the editor. Before its introduction we were publishing less than a third of the letters we received, and those up to six months late. Now readers can respond to papers as they're reading them on the web and (in most cases) see their responses posted within 24 hours. We're receiving around 100 such responses a week, and they make rich reading. Theyseem to be more passionate than traditional paper letters. Interestingly, we have had notone complaint about the spelling mistakes and strange grammar that are common in rapid responses—illustrating yet again how the web is a different medium from paper. One of thejoys of being an editor has been to see quickly which articles touch a nerve and produce a flood of responses. It's hard to predict which articles they will be, but now readers can join in seeing which they are.
All rapid responses are considered for publication in the paper journal, but as the number of responses in whatever medium has increased we can now publish only 15%. Our aim is to reduce the time to publication in the paper journal to around six weeks. Those letter writers who aren't submitting directly on line have responded to our request to submit electronically—either by email or computer disk—which makes them easier to post on our website. Responses are posted over the weekend, so our site contains new material every day. Another alerting service is planned for rapid responses: users will be able to subscribe to alerts whenever a particular article attracts a response. Authors will automatically receive this service on their own papers (as long as we have their email address).
Non-UK authors can now email us their articles, and this service will soon be extended to UK authors. We have begun work on providing a web interface for manuscript submission and on conducting our entire peer review process electronically. Whatever medium they feel more comfortable in, authors this week have reason to celebrate: our revised and enhanced Advice to Contributors, which includes every guideline, checklist, and supporting BMJ editorial and article, has now been posted on the website (www.bmj.com/advice). It includes the 200 plus pages of the BMJ's legendary stylebook as used by our technical editors. This week's other new feature is our hit parade: for each week's journal we will be publishing the number of times each article is downloaded in the seven days after publication. Though a mixed blessing for authors, others should find the results fascinating.
The possibilities of the web are likely to change both the format and timing of publication of articles. We have judged successful our experiment (conducted in the BMJ of 3 April 1999) of publishing full articles on the web with abridged versions in the paper BMJ, and this approach is likely to be instituted for all original papers in the next year. We also intend publishing these full versions of papers on the web “asap” (as soon as publishable, and therefore ahead of print). We expect that the web versions will begin to exploit multimedia—we already have audio clips on the site; later this year we will be adding video.
How are we doing? About 40 000 computers access the site each week, which we think translates into about 56 000 individuals,1 or three times the number of non-member subscribers to the paper journal. Of the world's 7 million websites,2 Netscape rates us 3573rd in popularity,3 or within the top 0.05% of websites (New England Journal of Medicine is ranked 3111th,4 Lancet is ranked 10 436th5). Our last questionnaire survey of website visitors, whose full results have just been published,1 shows that the eBMJ is reaching people with little previous contact with the journal: two thirds come from outside the UK, one third “rarely or never see” the paper BMJ. We don't solicit testimonials, but they came in by the barrow load when we complained that other medical journals refused advertisements for our website.6 The Lancet has since relented, although the New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA are standing firm. They needn't worry—paper subscribers remain loyal to that medium. In our questionnaire of website visitors 82% of BMA members (who receive the journal as a benefit of membership) and 72% of BMJ subscribers agreed with the statement “Despite the availability of the electronic journal, I want to keep receiving the paper journal.”1
Every year since 1995 has been predicted as the year when the internet would take off, and this year the prediction has finally come true. Suddenly, big money is being thrown at providers of medical information, along with everybody else. In May, Healtheon paid $5.5bn in a stock swap with WebMD, a website providing medical information to doctors and consumers, which began operating only six months previously. The consumer health site www.drkoop.com was valued at $84m on its initial public offering in June, just nine months after its launch. And CBS has recently bought a 35% stake in Medscape, a website for doctors that is soon to be extended to consumers.
Our editorial board praised us in the summer for having done wonderful things on a shoestring, but we are having to think seriously about investing more, taking bigger risks, and increasing our rate of experimentation. Perhaps the BMJ will be swept away when the tsunami of the internet hits medical publishing, but we think that we can use the advantages of the web and whatever follows to continue to achieve our mission of helping doctors worldwide practise better medicine and influencing the international debate on health.