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Probiotics used in trials should be independently checked microbiologically

BMJ 1999; 319 doi: (Published 17 July 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;319:189
  1. J M T Hamilton-Miller, Professor of medical microbiology (
  1. Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF

    EDITOR—MacFarlane and Cummings report on the use of probiotics and prebiotics.1 Strategies to modulate the flora in a beneficial way may help to decrease the use of antibiotics,2 which has obvious important advantages. It is essential that properly conducted clinical trials are carried out, but …

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