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Women with heart failure survive longer than men

BMJ 1999; 318 doi: (Published 24 April 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;318:1098
  1. Xavier Bosch
  1. Barcelona

    Women who have end stage heart failure with marked symptoms and severe left ventricular dysfunction live twice as long as their male counterparts, according to the results of a recent study (Circulation 1999;99:1816-21).Moreover, they also have a survival advantage even if their congestive heart failure is as severe as that of their male counterparts and they have had the disease for the same duration.

    The study, which was based on the Flolan international randomised survival trial, enrolled …

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