Intended for healthcare professionals


Indwelling needles carry greater risks than acupuncture techniques

BMJ 1999; 318 doi: (Published 20 February 1999) Cite this as: BMJ 1999;318:536
  1. E Ernst, Director (,
  2. A R White, Research fellow
  1. Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT

    EDITOR—A discussion of the adverse effects of acupuncture has led to considerable anxiety among those who practise this treatment.1 Many have claimed that serious complications are avoidable and therefore do not occur in countries where acupuncturists are adequately trained. It has also been stated that causality is often inadequately …

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