Intended for healthcare professionals


Bullying in schools: self reported anxiety, depression, and self esteem in secondary school children

BMJ 1998; 317 doi: (Published 03 October 1998) Cite this as: BMJ 1998;317:924
  1. G Salmon, senior registrar in child and adolescent psychiatrya,
  2. A James, consultant in child and adolescent psychiatry (,
  3. D M Smith, senior medical statisticianb
  1. aHighfield Adolescent Unit, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX
  2. bCentre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford OX3 7LF
  1. Correspondence to: Dr James
  • Accepted 13 May 1998

Evidence exists of considerable problems with bullying and bullied children in secondary schools. In the largest survey in the United Kingdom to date 10% of pupils reported that they had been bullied “sometimes or more often” during that term, with 4% reporting being bullied “at least once a week.”1 The impact of the introduction of policies on bullying throughout a school seems to be limited.1 The commonest type of bullying is general name calling, followed by being hit, threatened, or having rumours spread about one.1 Bullying is thought to be more prevalent among boys and the youngest pupils in a school.2

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Summary statistics and details of fitted models. Values are numbers of schoolchildren unless stated otherwise

We are unaware of any study that has examined …

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