BMJ 1998; 316 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.316.7137.1102 (Published 04 April 1998) Cite this as: BMJ 1998;316:1102

No fewer than 65% of university graduates in Singapore have myopia. This figure is quoted in a commentary in the British Journal of Ophthalmology (1998;82:210-1) that reviews the evidence that the prevalence of myopia is closely associated with the number of years spent in full time education. The challenge for ophthalmologists is to prevent or cure myopia by addressing its cause.

The British Journal of Psychiatry (1998;172:218-26) contains a review of 1740 patients detained in the three special hospitals (Ashworth, Broadmoor, and Rampton) that provide high security for people with mental disorders and dangerous, criminal, or violent propensities. It found that 58% had a functional psychosis and more than three quarters of these had been driven to offend by their delusions.

Children who have had micturating cystourethrography often have prolonged anxiety afterwards. Research in Nottingham has shown, however, that their distress may be greatly reduced by preparation (Acta Paediatrica 1998;87:175-9). Children who were supplied with a story booklet that described coping strategies had far lower levels of distress during the procedure and afterwards. Play preparation in which dolls were used also helped, but the booklet alone was highly effective.

In a Canadian trial of finasteride in the treatment of symptoms attributed to benign prostatic …

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