Intended for healthcare professionals


Heavy smoking may cause irreversible damage to arteries

BMJ 1998; 316 doi: (Published 24 January 1998) Cite this as: BMJ 1998;316:247
  1. Jacqui Wise
  1. BMJ

    The effects of heavy smoking may be cumulative and irreversible, according to a large longitudinal study of almost 11000 middle aged adults. The atherosclerosis risk in communities study also found that both active and passive smoking speed the progression of atherosclerosis (JAMA 1998;279:119-24).

    The study's author, George Howard, professor of public health sciences and neurology at the Wake Forest University, said: “The effect of smoking on atherosclerosis …

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