Doctors can reduce the harmful effects of poverty

BMJ 1997; 314 doi: (Published 08 March 1997) Cite this as: BMJ 1997;314:695
  1. Richard Smith
  1. BMJ

    Strong evidence exists to show that action taken by doctors, other health workers, and politicians can reduce the harmful effects of poverty on health, said Professor Trevor Sheldon, director of the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, at a conference in London last week.

    A randomised controlled trial undertaken in Gary, Indiana, that guaranteed a minimum income to pregnant women in low income families by using a negative income tax showed a significant increase in birth weight. Other trials of nutrition support sponsored by the state have also shown significant improvements in child health.

    Children constitute …

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