Intended for healthcare professionals


Smoke does get in your eyes

BMJ 1996; 313 doi: (Published 12 October 1996) Cite this as: BMJ 1996;313:898

Scientists in the United States have found a new addition to the long list of smoking related diseases—age related macular degeneration.

Smokers have a twofold to threefold increased risk of developing age related macular degeneration with vision loss compared with those who have never smoked, say two studies reported in JAMA.

But doctors may find it difficult to use this latest evidence to convince smokers to give up—as the increased risk persists even after stopping smoking for more than 15 years.

In one study, researchers from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary …

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