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Exotic Viral Infections (Kass Handbook of Infectious Diseases)

BMJ 1996; 312 doi: (Published 30 March 1996) Cite this as: BMJ 1996;312:856
  1. David Mabey

    Ed James S Porterfield Chapman and Hall, pounds sterling85, pp 389 ISBN 0 412 63030 3

    Question: Which arthropod borne flavivirus is endemic in Britain? Answer: Louping (or leaping) ill—so named because of the characteristic signs of encephalomyelitis that it causes in sheep—which has long been endemic in Scotland but which is now known to be present in many other parts of the British Isles. In addition to sheep, small mammals and the red grouse comprise its animal reservoir, and it is transmitted by Ixodid ticks, occasionally infecting humans who expose their flesh in sheep pastures.

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