Mortality associated with wines, beers, and spirits

BMJ 1995; 311 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.311.7013.1166a (Published 28 October 1995) Cite this as: BMJ 1995;311:1166
  1. V Burke,
  2. I B Puddey,
  3. L J Beilin
  1. Senior research officer Associate profesor of medicine Professor of medicine University Department of Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Box X2213 GPO, Perth, WA 6001, Australia

    Australian data suggest that choice of beverage relates to lifestyle and personality

    EDITOR,--Morten Gronbaek and colleagues suggest that mortality is lower in association with a moderate intake of wine, unchanged in association with a moderate intake of beer, and increased in association with a moderate intake of spirits.1 In their study they used a different reference group of subjects for each beverage considered--a group comprising teetotallers and beer and wine drinkers for the spirits comparison and a group comprising teetotallers and spirits and beer drinkers for the wine comparison--which makes the findings difficult to interpret. More importantly, they consider that confounders are unlikely to explain their results. In a group of working men in Western Australia, …

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