Intended for healthcare professionals


Bottle feeding and the sudden infant death syndrome

BMJ 1995; 311 doi: (Published 08 July 1995) Cite this as: BMJ 1995;311:122
  1. E A Mitchell,
  2. A W Stewart,
  3. R P K Ford
  1. Associate professor of paediatrics Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland Medical School, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
  2. Biostatistician Department of Community Health, University of Auckland
  3. Community paediatrician Community Child and Family Services, Christchurch, New Zealand

    EDITOR,--R E Gilbert and colleagues report that bottle feeding is not a significant independent risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome.1 We believe that they may have made a type 2 error (stating that there is no difference when in fact there is one). They report that the risk of the syndrome in breast fed infants was almost half that seen in bottle fed infants after adjustment for a small number of potential confounders. As the reduction in risk did not reach significance, however, they conclude that bottle feeding was not an independent risk factor.

    The New Zealand cot death study, …

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