Temperature and cardiovascular mortality

BMJ 1995; 310 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.310.6990.1331 (Published 20 May 1995) Cite this as: BMJ 1995;310:1331
  1. E L Lloyd
  1. Consultant anaesthetist Department of Anaesthetics, Western General NHS Trust, Edinburgh EH4 2XU

    EDITOR,—Owen L Lloyd has fallen into some of the common pitfalls when discussing cold and its effects on the body.1 The environmental cold stress (rate of heat loss) experienced by warm blooded creatures is related not just to absolute temperatures outdoors or indoors but also to movement of air (wind or draughts)—for example, a body loses more heat at 10°C with a wind of 32 km/h than at −10°C in still air.2 Similarly, humidity (rain or indoor damp) increases the heat loss, and, as Peter Wilmshurst …

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