Intended for healthcare professionals

Research Article

Haemodynamic response in soccer spectators: is Scottish football exciting?

British Medical Journal 1991; 303 doi: (Published 21 December 1991) Cite this as: British Medical Journal 1991;303:1609
  1. A T Elder,
  2. S G Jyothinagaram,
  3. P L Padfield,
  4. T R Shaw
  1. Department of Cardiology, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh.


    OBJECTIVE--To determine the effect of watching a game of Scottish football on heart rate and blood pressure. DESIGN--Prospective study. SETTING--Two Scottish Premier League football grounds. SUBJECTS--10 healthy men, each a supporter of one of two clubs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate at home, while walking, and during the match. RESULTS--Systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher when the men were watching the match than when they were at home. While they were watching the match, heart rate was maximal immediately after a goal had been scored by the supported team. CONCLUSION--The emotional stress invoked by Scottish football is associated with significant increases in heart rate and systolic blood pressure.