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Linoleate and Fatty-acid Patterns of Serum Lipids in Multiple Sclerosis and Other Diseases

Br Med J 1974; 3 doi: (Published 06 July 1974) Cite this as: Br Med J 1974;3:18
  1. W. Clayton Love,
  2. A. Cashell,
  3. M. Reynolds,
  4. Noel Callaghan


    The linoleic acid content of serum lipids was measured in 47 patients with multiple sclerosis, 29 patients with other neurological diseases, 35 patients with acute non-neurological illnesses, and 49 healthy control subjects. Reduced linoleic acid content of serum lipids was not specific to multiple sclerosis and occurred in all ill patients with acute non-neurological illness. The fatty-acid pattern of serum lipids in illness resembles that of essential fatty-acid deficiency. It seems that this pattern of reduced linoleic acid content with increased oleic, palmitic, and palmitoleic acid content may be a general phenomenon in ill patients.